Content starts


Technological artefacts are not neutral, but embody socio-cultural, political, ethical, and other values. Assumptions and conceptions determine the various phases of research and development and inscribe themselves in these products and services.

Reflection questions

  • How do we deal with conflicting values in our project?
  • What are our institutional values and how do they align with product development?
  • How does our project contribute to making the world a better place?
  • Technology design is – often implicitly – based on values, e.g. privacy and security, hierarchies, distribution of work, gender equality and participation, user empowerment, ecological responsibility. How do we reflect and integrate such values in our project?
  • Does our field of interest provide opportunities for inclusive technology design?
  • Is our project meant to support the status quo or do we strive for change?
  • How will we combine and balance conflicting social and technical factors?
  • How do we decide on tools, technologies, and procedures to be used? Do we follow economic, ecological, personal, or other interests?
  • Technology design is based on values, e.g., privacy and security, power relations, distribution of work, production conditions, gender equality and participation, anti-racism, trans*gender equity, disability justice, inclusion, user empowerment, sustainability, ecological responsibility. How do we reflect and integrate such values in our project?
  • How can we test our system in the field?
  • How can we evaluate our system with diverse groups and under various external conditions?
  • What happens to results that show that things do not work out? How can we learn from project failures and use mistakes in a constructive way?